What Is Appendicitis? Causes, Symptoms and Treatments
A lot of painful medical conditions can appear in the life of a person at some stage of life. Sometimes, even after suffering from extreme pain, they don’t understand what’s wrong with their health. In such cases, it becomes important to see a professional doctor. In this blog, the team of Mewar Hospitals will tell you about one of the common medical conditions that affect thousands of people. We will talk about appendicitis and things related to it. So, let’s begin with its meaning.
It refers to a condition in which the appendix turns out to be inflamed, swollen, or filled with pus. You can identify an appendix as a tiny finger-shaped organ or pouch. It is situated in the abdomen’s right side and is attached to the large intestine.
Some Facts About Appendicitis
* People of different age groups can suffer from this kind of problem. But it primarily takes place in people aged between 10 to 30.
* In most cases, the treatment is done with the help of a surgical procedure.
* If the appendix is removed from the body, a person doesn’t find any complexity in living his life.
* It is regarded as one of the most painful occurrences that occur in the abdomen.
One of the noticeable symptoms of appendicitis is pain. But let’s know what kind of pain along with other signs can indicate this problem.
- There can be an occurrence of sudden pain in the right side of the lower abdomen. The pain can also initiate suddenly around the navel and often move on to the lower right abdomen.
- A person can also feel worsened pain at the time of walking, coughing, sneezing, or during deep breaths.
- In some cases, a person may suffer from vomiting before the belly pain.
- If the appendix ruptures, the pain can spread to the entire belly.
Some other symptoms of appendicitis involve loss of appetite, diarrhea, fever and chills, problems in passing out gas, and swollen belly.
If you’re experiencing these symptoms, don’t wait to see a doctor. And yes, don’t try to cover up this condition with the thought that it may settle automatically. An appendix can turn out to be serious if a person doesn’t take help from an expert professional. And sometimes, in children, some usual symptoms may not appear. Therefore, if they’re suffering from pain and discomfort, talk to the doctor. He will diagnose the condition and tell you about the complications. For better assistance, you can visit Mewar Hospitals. We have some fine experts in our team who can handle such conditions ideally.
One of the major causes of appendicitis can be the blockage in the inside of the appendix. However, in many cases, the exact cause remains unknown. But, it has been said that some infections in the digestive tract can also lead to this condition.
In some cases, tumors can also be one of the causes behind this condition. Some other causes of appendicitis include abdominal injury or trauma, hardened stool, or growths by which a blockage appears in the appendix’s month. The appendix can block due to several reasons as well. This includes a traumatic injury, intestinal worms, or enlarged lymphoid follicles.
Complications Due To Appendicitis
There can be an occurrence of several complications due to appendicitis. We are listing some of those.
- If the appendix is ruptured, a painful and life-threatening infection can spread in the abdomen. If it happens, a person requires immediate medical attention. In case of a ruptured appendix, usually, the doctor performs surgery in which the appendix is eliminated and the abdominal cavity is cleaned.
- In case of a ruptured appendix, some other serious problems can also take place like peritonitis, abscesses, or sepsis.
- In the case of an infected appendix, a person must seek treatment within two or three days after the arrival of symptoms. If it doesn’t happen, it may burst and bacteria can spread inside the body.
To stay away from such unpleasing affairs, kindly visit Mewar Hospitals and talk to our experts.
Who Are More At A Risk of Suffering From Appendicitis?
We told you earlier that the problem of appendicitis is found more in people of younger age. Apart from age, it has been observed that men are more likely to suffer from it as compared to women. Even if your close family members have already undergone this condition, you must also need to be attentive. Although, it has been also said that the appendix isn’t infectious and children can’t have it from others.
Diagnosis of Appendicitis
After assuming the symptoms mentioned earlier, make sure to go to a health specialist. The diagnosis procedure may contain several things. This includes reviewing the history of symptoms. He can also inspect the abdomen. If there is a presence of pain, the doctor can conduct a physical exam. Else, he can counsel blood test to identify the infection. Even they can go for a digital rectal exam. Some other tests include urine tests or imaging tests like an X-ray, CT scan, MRI, or abdominal ultrasound. They are helpful to clear out the presence of appendicitis along with some other reasons behind the pain.
Sometimes, identifying the presence of appendicitis can be a bit tough. This is because the symptoms experienced in this condition can relate to other medical problems like a urinary tract infection, kidney stone, or pneumonia. And sometimes, its position may vary in the abdomen.
Now, regarding the treatment of appendicitis, if there is an inflammation of the appendix, surgery is usually performed. If a person endures an infection, there can be a recommendation of taking some antibiotics prior to the surgery.
The surgery that is used in the treatment of appendicitis is appendectomy. It proves to be a standard treatment for almost every kind of appendicitis. It can be done either as an open surgery or laparoscopic. Let’s know about it in detail.
- Open Surgery
In this mode of treatment, the doctor cuts the abdominal side that is around 2 to 4 inches long. After that, he will eliminate the appendix from the body. Although laparoscopic surgery is mostly preferred due to faster recovery and less pain, open surgery may be the choice of preference in some cases. Like, when there is an occurrence of a ruptured appendix. With the help of open surgery, the doctor can clean the abdominal cavity.
- Laparoscopic Surgery
If a doctor decides to perform laparoscopic appendectomy, he will remove the appendix with a help of a device known as a laparoscope. You can identify a laparoscope as a thin telescope that contains a video camera. With its assistance, the doctor can have a look at the inside of the abdomen. It comes under a minimally invasive surgery. This procedure is done with a tiny cut on the belly. Apart from other advantages, one more thing by which laparoscopy proves to be helpful is that it permits the surgeon for a clear diagnosis inside the abdomen, especially in cases when there is a doubt of appendicitis.
In both these procedures, there will be a need for general anesthesia. After the completion of the surgery, the incision will be shut off and the patient may need to stay in the hospital for a day or two. But, if a child has a burst appendix, he may need to stay for a longer time. At that time, the treatment will be focused on killing the bacteria which has spread in the body. It can be done with the help of antibiotics.
When the treatment of appendix takes place, you’ll require some weeks to recover. At that time, you can perform some activities that will promote better healing. The recovery period is generally based on the severity of the inflammation. Like, if there is mild inflammation, a person can recover within some days or weeks. And if the inflammation is broader, there will be a need for a couple of weeks. It is said that most people who took surgery for the appendix before it ruptures have a quicker recovery rate.
But, you can expect some pain, constipation, or bruising for the initial few days after having surgery. Even the pain can arise in the shoulder’s tip. In such scenarios, some medications may be suggested. Contact the doctor if you face swelling, pain, vomiting, or high temperature. Additionally, make sure to consult him if there is pus or other discharge from the place where the surgery took place.
Prevention of Appendicitis
Well, there are no absolute measures that can stop this condition. But, if you have knowledge of its symptoms, you can contact the doctor which can prove to be advantageous. One thing you can do is take proper care of your health. Try to involve whole grains, fresh fruits, vegetables, and a high-fiber diet that will make you healthy and free from several worries. Although more research is required, it has been said that appendicitis is less common in places where people use to have a high-fiber diet.
Appendicitis And Pregnancy
A pregnant woman can also suffer from acute appendicitis. At that time, she needs immediate medical attention and surgical action takes place for the treatment. During pregnancy, the appendix can shift upward in the abdomen, by which the position of appendicitis-based pain is affected. Due to this thing, diagnosing becomes a bit tricky. And yes, the common symptoms of appendicitis aren’t there always. But, if there is a presence of pain, one should consult the doctor on time. Delay in inspecting or treating appendicitis may elevate the risk of miscarriage.
A physical examination can also be tricky based on the time a woman has reached pregnancy. For diagnosing appendicitis in a pregnant woman, the doctor takes help from an MRI scan instead of a CT scan. A CT scan is generally used to diagnose those who are not pregnant.
Some Things To Remember
If the surgery has been performed laparoscopically, try to give proper rest to the body. You need to avoid some activities for at least 3 to 5 days. And if someone has gone through open surgery, he or she will need to limit it for around 1 or 2 weeks. Try to be free with your doctor to talk about do’s and don’ts after the surgery. It is very important to follow the advice strictly of your health professional.
The next thing is about relief from pain. If you aren’t finding ease even after taking medicines post-surgical procedure, tell them. One more thing, don’t try to go at full pace at the time of resuming to normal activities. Start slowly with short walks in the beginning and then continue doing other activities with time. At the time of healing, you need to give proper rest to the body. If you feel tired, don’t hesitate to take a rest or sleep. It can occur because the body requires more than usual rest in the healing period.
A Message From Mewar Hospital’s Team
You must have learned a lot of valuable things about appendicitis in the upper section. If you feel the symptoms mentioned above or even if there is some other medical complaint, we request visiting Mewar Hospitals. Our expertise and skilled team members are here to facilitate you in a wide range of scenarios. They will work to clear out your worries so you could lead a better and happier life.
Don’t try to live in an unpleasing manner. Medical issues are common in life. With newer technologies, treatment options have become efficient. Take treatment on time as they can help to save you from upcoming worries. Like, regarding appendicitis, there can be a presence of something wrong if we leave it untreated. Talk to the doctor and take better suggestions from them.
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