Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee Replacement Surgery
Important Things You Need To Know

Overview

Nowadays, joint replacement surgeries are getting popular in different parts of the world. After all, they are helpful for the betterment of the patient in different ways. One of the commonly performed replacement surgeries is knee replacement surgery. In this section, you will learn different things about this practice. But before that, it is important to have some knowledge of the knee.

Anatomy of The Knee

A joint refers to a place where two or more bones meet. Our knee is a joint, the largest in the body where the thighbone (femur) and shinbone (tibia) meet. It is held together with the help of muscles, ligaments, and tendons. You can identify two muscle groups that are concerned with the knee, namely quadriceps muscles and hamstring muscles. Tendons and ligaments are tissues. Tendons help to connect muscles to bones while ligaments connect bone to bone.

Two types of cartilage, namely articular cartilage and meniscus are present in the knee. They work as shock absorbers. Some other things like bursa and joint capsule are also there. Bursa helps to lessen down friction between the knee tissues and avoid inflammation. Whereas joint capsule is known to be a membrane bag that encloses the knee joint and is filled with synovial fluid. This kind of fluid helps nourish and lubricate the joint.

The Problem of Knee Pain

Our knee, being an important part of the body can suffer from some problems. It holds different kinds of work to let us perform a number of activities. Due to several causes, a person can experience knee pain. And when it happens, there can be a negative impact on our day-to-day activities. This kind of pain, when becomes serious can lead to restricted motion and thus, a person has to sacrifice even while walking few steps.

If someone visits a doctor for the treatment of knee pain, he will observe the condition. In the initial stages, there will be a recommendation of some medications, physical therapies, or injections. If these non-surgical methods don’t work fine and the person doesn’t obtain relief from pain, then the surgeon will suggest an advanced treatment option. And that option may take place in the form of knee replacement surgery treatment.

About Knee Replacement Surgery

Also acknowledged as knee arthroplasty, this procedure is helpful in alleviating pain and restoring function in severely impacted knee joints. The procedure involves cutting away the damaged bone and cartilage and then substituting with an artificial joint. That joint can be made up of metal alloys, polymers, or polyethylene. The artificial joint is installed to mimic the functioning of the original joint.

One of the most common reasons behind implementing knee replacement surgery treatment is to repair the damaged joint caused by arthritis. For those who don’t know, arthritis is a joint inflammation illness that comprises more than 100 kinds. Out of which, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are mostly blamed for worsening the condition of the knee joint.

About Knee Replacement Surgeon

Surgeons from the orthopedics branch handle the cases of knee replacement surgery. They go through years of special training to perform such kinds of operations. With the help of an experienced and highly skilled knee replacement surgeon, a person can enhance the possibilities of a successful operation and reduce the chances of complications. If you’re also searching for a proficient knee replacement surgeon, then must visit Mewar Hospitals. We have a giant team of orthopedic surgeons that can deal with such kinds of procedures.

Why Knee Replacement Surgery Is Needed?

Osteoarthritis is regarded as one of the main causes behind performing knee replacement surgery. This condition also proves to be one of the leading causes of disability. Thousands of people suffer from this kind of trouble. When there is a presence of osteoarthritis, the cartilage begins to deteriorate.

Cartilage stands as a kind of tissue that cushions the ends of bones in the joints. This tough, flexible, and rubbery substance facilitate almost frictionless motion of the joint. When the cartilage breaks down, the surfaces of the bone become rough. As a result, pain in the joint begins and bothers the person. Additionally, there can be an occurrence of irritation in the nearby tissues. Since cartilage doesn’t have any blood vessels, it can’t repair itself when being damaged. When it wears down completely, the cushioning doesn’t last and the bone appears in contact with the other bone, leading to extreme pain.

Osteoarthritis can create an adverse impact on every step you take. From walking to climbing, sitting to lying down, you may need to tolerate serious pain. That’s why, during osteoarthritis, especially when the cartilage wears away completely, there can be a requirement for knee replacement surgery treatment.

Who Is Eligible For Knee Replacement Surgery?

Surely arthritis is a hazardous disease for the health of our joints. But it is not true that people having mild to severe arthritis are candidates for knee replacement surgery treatment. Yes, it is a fact that older people of 50 to 80 years are more likely to suffer from the problem of knee pain and require knee replacement surgery. But, if someone talks about the age for knee replacement surgery, no fixed criteria is there to see. Depending on the condition, a surgeon can recommend this kind of operation to teenagers, younger, or elderly peoples.

In cases of harsh knee pain that bound day-to-day tasks or a pain that doesn’t go even during rest, or at night, the knee replacement surgeon may supervise for the replacement procedure. Even he can also recommend this when a person bears long-term inflammation and swelling in the knee that doesn’t settle with medications or rest. So, even if you’re young and suffering from severe knee pain, you can visit Mewar Hospitals to talk to our surgeon. There’s no fixed age for knee replacement surgery and the surgeon may recommend this surgery if the knee health proves to be unpleasing and other conservative treatment options don’t help.

Types of Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee replacement surgery can be performed in numerous ways. Here, we will tell you the three most commonly used methods: total knee replacement, partial knee replacement, and revision replacement surgery.

1. Total Knee Replacement Surgery

In a majority of total knee replacement surgeries, the surgeon attempts to substitute the joint surface at the top of the shinbone and the end of the thighbone. The diseased cartilage is also eliminated. Then the prosthesis (artificial implant) comes as a substitution of the damaged bone. It may also involve replacing the kneecap with a plastic dome. This procedure stands as a traditional method to fix the problem of a damaged knee.

The knee replacement surgeon or his team takes a look at different things before the surgery. For example, the kind of medicines taken by the patient. There can be an occurrence of some blood tests along with an X-ray and ECG. The patient may need to stay for several days, typically two or three days in the hospital after the surgery. He may be given pain-relieving medicines. The surgeon will have a look at the patient’s condition and may guide for physical therapy after some time of operation. When discharged from the hospital, he will still need to perform regular exercise for the recommended time.

2. Partial Knee Replacement Surgery

In this kind of surgery, the knee replacement surgeon replaces only one part of the knee. This is done to conserve as much soft tissue and healthy bone as possible. Those who experience conditions like osteoarthritis in only one part of the knee can deal with partial replacement. The damaged area gets replaced with a prosthesis and the rest of the knee is preserved.

There are some benefits of having partial knee replacement surgery. For example, it doesn’t require staying longer in the hospital. It also contains quicker recovery and rehabilitation time, less pain after getting the surgery, less trauma, and blood loss. Apart from the given advantages, some other things are also there to have a look at. Like, there is no guarantee that this kind of replacement surgery will help to lessen down the underlying pain. This is because the surgeon only removes the damaged bone and the preserved bone is still at risk of arthritis.

This kind of surgery is appropriate for younger patients who are found with plenty of healthy bone remaining. Those who live an active lifestyle can have a look at partial replacement surgery. But they will have to follow up this procedure after some interval, nearly around 20 years. This is because the implant wears out after a particular time. So, if someone requires this kind of assistance, they can visit Mewar Hospitals.

3. Revision Knee Replacement Surgery

Many people don’t know that there’s an age for knee replacement surgery. This means the replacement knee can wear out and may call for a second knee replacement. This is what we call revision replacement surgery. The implants used as a substitution in the operation can last for around 20-25 years. After that, they need to be replaced. The likelihood increases if a person is obese or dedicated to heavy manual work.

In short, you can understand the necessity of revision replacement surgery in cases when a knee replacement no longer functions properly. Remember, this kind of surgery is also regarded as a major surgical procedure. Even it is said to be more complex than the given two surgeries. To know more about the reason behind this fact, you can ask our surgeons.

Complications During Knee Replacement Surgery

Whether a person goes through total knee replacement, partial knee replacement, or revision knee replacement, there can be a presence of several complications. Even the drugs used in the hospital may lead to some side effects. But, the likelihood decreases when you take help from an experienced and professional candidate. Like, Mewar Hospital is enriched with some proficient knee replacement surgeons that are known to deliver higher success rates. Under their company, you can receive fine treatment services that may save you from different complications.

Cases Where Knee Replacement Surgery May Not Be Recommended

After reading this blog, you must have learned why knee replacement surgery treatment is required. But here, we will tell you some conditions where the knee replacement surgeon may not recommend performing this surgery.

1. Oral health issues – An invasive dental work can elevate the likelihood of spreading bacteria to the knee implant through the bloodstream. That’s why, if someone is suffering from problems like cavities, loose teeth, or gingivitis, he may need to fix the condition by getting relevant treatment options before the surgery.

2. Improper nutrition – This factor can create an impact on the healing period after surgery. There is a great role of appropriate nutrition level in the body. If there is a presence of inadequate nutrition, it may avoid or slow down successful healing.

3. Uncontrolled diabetes – Those who live their life with uncontrolled diabetes aren’t able to go through the replacement procedure. They need to improve their blood sugar levels to prepare for the surgery.

4. Other Factors – People having untreated severe vascular diseases, neuromuscular disorder, systemic infection, and skin problems may also find trouble in achieving knee replacement surgery. If you suffer from such problems, make sure to consult with the surgeon.

After Knee Replacement Surgery

Some months will be needed for the patient to return to his normal life activities after knee replacement. There will be a need to pay special attention to exercising muscles and taking care of other aspects. All such things will be productive for the recovery period. Remember one thing that pain, swelling, and stiffness may appear for some months. Your surgeon may explain these things and methods to deal with such affairs. If you experience any kind of infection after being discharged from the hospital, make sure to inform the surgeon.

The Finishing Note

Mewar Hospitals has a reputed name especially in the sector of orthopedic. However, you can find the presence of several other medical facilities under our name. We are a leading medical institution delivering health services in different parts of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. You can find our presence in ten different cities of these two states where a lot of patients visit to get treatment facilities.

If you are wondering about a place that could assist you with different kinds of joint replacement surgeries, considering the name of our hospital will be a good idea. Make sure to contact us for any kind of query, else you can visit the nearest branch.

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